عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Stimulation and Recording Electrodes for Neural Prostheses
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
تحریک و ضبط الکترود برای پروتز عصبی
Naser Pour Aryan, Hans Kaim, Albrecht Rothermel
Neural diseases have always been a challenge to the humankind. Paralysis, blindness, and Parkinson’s disease (PD) are examples. A biological treatment to many
of these neurological dysfunctions is either not available or does not yet provide
satisfactory results. Biomedical engineering provides an alternative to the biological
cure. Together with neuroscience, engineering builds up a new concept in the field of
practice, called neuroprosthetics. Neuroprosthetics pertains to the creation of neural
prosthetics in order to eliminate sensory, motor, or cognitive malfunctions.
Treating these kinds of dysfunctions requires interfacing with patient’s neural
system. Depending on the application, electrical neural signals must be read or
injected by the implant. This is accomplished through electrodes which connect
the internal circuits of the device to tissue. The direction of the electrical signal
defines the type of the electrode, which is thus classified as recording or stimulating.
The electrical characteristics and the lifetime limitation of this component are very
important in designing a neural prosthesis.
In this book we will address this major cornerstone of neuroprosthetics. Being
part of a leading research group in the field of subretinal neurostimulators in Europe,
we have gathered lots of knowledge through research and experiment, from which
we will try to share the most interesting and relevant parts here. The attempt in this
book is also to provide a general perspective to the matter, and not specifically from
the point of view of visual stimulators.
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