عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Local social services in disaster management: Is there a Nordic model?
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
خدمات اجتماعی محلی در مدیریت بحران: آیا مدل Nordic وجود دارد؟
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 27 (2018) 618-624. doi:10.1016/j.ijdrr.2017.07.018
Merja Rapelia,⁎, Carin Cuadrab, Rasmus Dahlbergc, Guðný Björk Eydald, Björn Hvindene, Ingibjörg Lilja Ómarsdóttirf, Tapio Salonenb
The Nordic states have extensive welfare systems in which the local social services are an important component.
Despite a growing research on disaster resilience, we lack research examining in systematic way whether and
how local social services in the Nordic countries contribute to resilience. Aiming to fill this gap, this article asks
whether we can identify a common Nordic model of the role of local social services in disasters, or whether the
countries have taken different paths. We use policy documents and legislation to examine the extent to which
roles for local social services are embedded in the disaster management systems of the five Nordic countries. We
analyze the institutional organization in each country, as well as the models of social services related to disasters
from a comparative perspective. We find that the Nordic countries have chosen quite different paths regarding
local social services’ role in disaster management and conclude that there is no Nordic model. Another general
conclusion is that a more robust position of local social services within the disaster management system might
enhance disaster resilience in the Nordic countries as a whole.