عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Risk modelling as a tool to support natural hazard risk management in New Zealand local government
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
مدلسازی ریسک به عنوان یک ابزار برای حمایت خطر طبیعی مدیریت ریسک در دولت های محلی نیوزیلند
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 28 (2018) 610-619. doi:10.1016/j.ijdrr.2018.01.011
M.H. Crawforda,⁎, K. Crowleyb, S.H. Potterc, W.S.A. Saundersc, D.M. Johnstona,c
Due to New Zealands exposure and vulnerability to natural hazards, it is important for local government to have
tools that enable effective use of its natural hazard risk information. This paper explores the use of risk modelling
as a tool that can support local government to better understand, manage, and communicate natural hazard risk.
Focus group sessions were held with emergency management and other natural hazard practitioners in councils
across New Zealand to understand their perceptions on the value of risk modelling tools, particularly ‘RiskScape.
While practitioners see the value in the use of risk modelling relating to communication, decision making,
planning and emergency response purposes, they also see a number of challenges. Challenges identified for the
use of risk modelling relate to how emergency management and natural hazard risk is perceived and managed,
issues with connecting information and developing data, and the capability of risk modelling software.
Underlying these challenges is the recognition that while risk modelling can help span the science-policy in
terface, it is the problems with this interface that slow its development. However, with ongoing mutual en
gagement, risk modelling can become an effective tool to communicate natural hazard risk and better inform
natural hazard policy and procedure.
Keywords: Risk modelling ، Natural hazard risk management ، Emergency management ، RiskScape ، Science-policy ، Local government