عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Impact of the economic crisis on healthcare resources: A panel data analysis in Eastern Mediterranean countries during 2005 to 2013
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
تاثیر بحران اقتصادی بر منابع مراقبت های بهداشتی: تجزیه و تحلیل داده های پانل در کشورهای مدیترانه شرقی در طول سال های 2005 تا 2013
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health,Corrected proof,doi:10.1016/j.cegh.2018.02.004
Ahmad faramarzia, Javad Javan-Noughabib,d,⁎, Ahmad Sadeghic, Aziz Rezapourb,d
Background: Studying the impact of economic crisis on healthcare resources is important because the economic
crisis is an important socio-economic determinant of healthcare resources and is strongly linked to a number of
health outcomes. We aimed to examine the impact of the economic crisis on healthcare resources in the Eastern
Mediterranean countries of World Health Organization (WHO).
Methods: In this study, health expenditure per capita was considered as the indicator of healthcare resources and
the unemployment rate was assumed as a proxy of economic crisis. Hausman test showed that to perform the
analysis it is required to use a random effect panel data model from 2005 to 2013. The data were taken from the
World Bank database and the calculations were performed using the statistical software STATA 12.
Results: The results showed that the unemployment rate and out-of-pocket payment (OOP) had a strong re
lationship with healthcare resources. So, a 1% increase in unemployment rate leads a $ 138 decrease in health
expenditure per capita and a 1% increase in OOP is accompanied with a $ 12 decrease in health expenditure per
capita (p-value < 0.01). In this regard, countries having an unemployment rate more than 5% and OOP more
than 25% indicate $ 260 health expenditure per capita less than countries with OOP less than 25% and an
unemployment rate less than 5%.
Conclusions: The findings imply that during the economic crisis there is a decrease in healthcare resources for
Eastern Mediterranean countries. In this connection, the unemployment rate and OPP are important predictors
of healthcare resources.
Keywords: Economic recession ، Health resources ، Public health