دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان:شکافی نامناسب در قوانین جزایی ایالات متحده در مورد شکنجه کودکان و اساسنامه مدل پیشنهادی - 2019
دانلود بهترین مقالات isi همراه با ترجمه فارسی
دانلود مقاله انگلیسی حقوق جرم و جزا رایگان
  • A precarious gap in U:S: criminal codes for cases of child torture and suggested model statute A precarious gap in U:S: criminal codes for cases of child torture and suggested model statute
    A precarious gap in U:S: criminal codes for cases of child torture and suggested model statute

    سال انتشار:

    2019


    عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:

    A precarious gap in U:S: criminal codes for cases of child torture and suggested model statute


    ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:

    شکافی نامناسب در قوانین جزایی ایالات متحده در مورد شکنجه کودکان و اساسنامه مدل پیشنهادی


    منبع:

    Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Children and Youth Services Review, 96 (2019) 500-508: doi:10:1016/j:childyouth:2018:10:046


    نویسنده:

    Ann Ratnayake Macy


    چکیده انگلیسی:

    Child torture includes a combination of two or more cruel inhuman degrading treatments for long periods of time, such as: intentionally starving the child, forcing the child to sit in urine or feces, binding or restraining the child, repeatedly physically injuring the child, exposing the child to extreme temperatures without adequate clothing, locking the child in closets or other small spaces, and forcing the child into stress positions or exercise which results in prolonged suffering permanent disfigurement/dysfunction, or death.1 This study is a comprehensive analysis of the 50 U.S. state criminal codes and the D.C. criminal code, and identifies a gap in at least fourteen state codes for cases of child torture.2 Every state code prohibits causing physical harm to a child, but not every state code criminalizes the mental trauma that occurs or a child when the torture does not result in a serious physical injury. If the child dies from the torture, then prosecutors can charge murder. However, in cases where the child survives without serious physical injuries, the only charges that fit the elements of the crime in many states are misdemeanors (crimes punishable with a jail sentence of less than one year). For example, South Dakota has adopted a statute to explicitly address the issue. The South Dakota child torture statute reads, “Any person who abuses, exposes, tortures, torments, or cruelly punishes a minor in a manner which does not constitute [a felony], is guilty of a ...felony.” U.S. state child torture statutes explicitly criminalize torturing children or a synonymous action such as “causing unjustifiable suffering.” Three variations of child torture statutes exist within U.S. state criminal codes. Thirty-six-state criminal codes and the DC criminal code contain a form of felony child torture statute. For fourteen states without a felony child torture statute, a gap in the criminal code exists that often allows people who have tortured children to serve light sentences usually reserved for slight misconduct. Legislation is suggested in these states. This study further highlights a model statute based on the survey of various U.S. child torture statutes.


    سطح: متوسط
    تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 9
    حجم فایل: 1042 کیلوبایت

    قیمت: رایگان


    توضیحات اضافی:




اگر این مقاله را پسندیدید آن را در شبکه های اجتماعی به اشتراک بگذارید (برای به اشتراک گذاری بر روی ایکن های زیر کلیک کنید)

تعداد نظرات : 0

الزامی
الزامی
الزامی
rss مقالات ترجمه شده rss مقالات انگلیسی rss کتاب های انگلیسی rss مقالات آموزشی