عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Factors associated with female genital cutting in Yemen and its policy implications
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
عوامل مرتبط با قطع دستگاه تناسلی زنان در یمن و پیامدهای سیاسی آن
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Midwifery, 74 (2019) 99-106: doi:10:1016/j:midw:2019:03:010
Abdullah N. Alosaimi a , ∗, Birgitta Essén b , Luoto Riitta a , Bright I. Nwaru a , c , Halima Mouniri d
Background: A tremendous number of girls in Yemen are still subjected to female genital cutting (FGC), which carries an increased risk of health complications and violates children’s rights. This study describes the prevalence of FGC in four Yemeni provinces and investigates the determinants of FGC. Methods: We analyzed data from women aged 15 to 49 years who responded to a sub-national house- hold survey conducted in six rural districts of four Yemeni provinces in 20 08–20 09. Logistic regression was used to estimate the association between individual and household socioeconomic factors and FGC practices and attitudes. Results: The prevalence of women’s FGC was 48% while daughters’ FGC was 34%. Almost 45.8% of the women surveyed believe the FGC practice should discontinue. Higher odds of FGC practice and positive attitude towards it were associated with older age, family marriage, and lower tertiles of wealth and education indices. Early marriage was also associated with increased odds of FGC practice ( p < 0.01). Conclusions: Socioeconomic indices and other individual factors associated with FGC are differing and complex. Younger generations of women are more likely to not have FGC and to express negative atti- tudes towards the tradition. Appropriate strategies to invest in girls’ education and women’s empower- ment with effective engagement of religious and community leaders might support the change of atti- tudes and practice of FGC in the younger generation.
Keywords: Female genital mutilation | Circumcision | Women’s health | Socioeconomic factors | Equity | Yemen