دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان:روبات ها ، استانداردها و قانون: رقابت بین استانداردهای خصوصی و سیاست گذاری عمومی برای حاکمیت ربات ها - 2019
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  • Robots, standards and the law: Rivalries between private standards and public policymaking for robot governance Robots, standards and the law: Rivalries between private standards and public policymaking for robot governance
    Robots, standards and the law: Rivalries between private standards and public policymaking for robot governance

    سال انتشار:

    2019


    عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:

    Robots, standards and the law: Rivalries between private standards and public policymaking for robot governance


    ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:

    روبات ها ، استانداردها و قانون: رقابت بین استانداردهای خصوصی و سیاست گذاری عمومی برای حاکمیت ربات ها


    منبع:

    Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Computer Law & Security Review: The International Journal of Technology Law and Practice, 35 (2019) 129-144: doi:10:1016/j:clsr:2018:12:009


    نویسنده:

    Eduard Fosch Villaronga a , ∗, Angelo Jr Golia b


    چکیده انگلیسی:

    This article explains the complex intertwinement between public and private regulators in the case of robot technology. Public policymaking ensures broad multi-stakeholder pro- tected scope, but its abstractness often fails in intelligibility and applicability. Private standards, on the contrary, are more concrete and applicable, but most of the times they are voluntary and reflect industry interests. The ‘better regulation’ approach of the EU may increase the use of evidence to inform policy and lawmaking, and the involvement of different stakeholders. Current hard-lawmaking instruments do not appear to take advantage of the knowledge produced by standard-based regulations, virtually wasting their potential benefits. This fact affects the legal certainty with regards to a fast-paced changing environment like robotics. In this paper, we investigate the challenges of overlapping public/private reg- ulatory initiatives that govern robot technologies in general, and in the concrete of healthcare robot technologies. We wonder until what extent robotics should be governed only by standards. We also reflect on how public policymaking could increase their technical understanding of robot technology to devise an applicable and comprehensive framework for this technology. In this respect, we propose different ways to integrate the technical know-how into policymaking (e.g., collecting the data/knowledge generated from the im-pact assessments in shared data repositories, and using it for evidence-based policies) and to strengthen the legitimacy of standards.
    Keywords: Standard | Standardization | Lawmaking | Robots | Artificial intelligence | Policy | Human-robot interaction | Private actors | Public regulatory bodies


    سطح: متوسط
    تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 16
    حجم فایل: 553 کیلوبایت

    قیمت: رایگان


    توضیحات اضافی:




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