دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان:بسیج حقوقی در پزشکی: پرستاران ، کیت های تجاوز جنسی و ظهور پرستاری پزشکی قانونی در ایالات متحده از دهه 1970 - 2019
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  • Legal mobilization in medicine: Nurses, rape kits, and the emergence of forensic nursing in the United States since the 1970s Legal mobilization in medicine: Nurses, rape kits, and the emergence of forensic nursing in the United States since the 1970s
    Legal mobilization in medicine: Nurses, rape kits, and the emergence of forensic nursing in the United States since the 1970s

    سال انتشار:

    2019


    عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:

    Legal mobilization in medicine: Nurses, rape kits, and the emergence of forensic nursing in the United States since the 1970s


    ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:

    بسیج حقوقی در پزشکی: پرستاران ، کیت های تجاوز جنسی و ظهور پرستاری پزشکی قانونی در ایالات متحده از دهه 1970


    منبع:

    Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Social Science & Medicine, 222 (2019) 323-334: doi:10:1016/j:socscimed:2018:12:032


    نویسنده:

    Jaimie Morse


    چکیده انگلیسی:

    Routine administration of the sexual assault medical forensic exam (commonly known as the “rape kit”) is one of the most significant healthcare reforms advanced by the U.S. anti-rape movement since the 1970s. To promote reform, nurses acted as practitioner-activists in emergency medicine and created the new specialty of forensic nursing to administer the medical forensic exam independent of physicians. Their efforts suggest a new way of conceptualizing the interface of law and medicine: the proactive invocation of criminal law in clinical medicine for the purpose of institutional reform in healthcare organizations, or what I term legal mobilization in medicine. Using the framework of legal mobilization in medicine, I ask: (1) how did nurses mobilize criminal law and rights to health in emergency medicine to facilitate reform? and (2) what were the effects on clinical practice and knowledge production? To chart this history, I draw on a review of published writings by early forensic nurses, interviews with leaders in the field, and ethnographic observation at the 20th anniversary International Association of Forensic Nurses conference in 2012, commemorating the founders and origins of this new specialty. Bringing together scholarship on law and social movements in socio-legal studies and scholarship on health and social movements in science, technology, and medicine studies, I argue that nurses forged a porous boundary between the overlapping institutional spheres of medicine and law in order to align the objectives of medical care and criminal investigation and, thereby, seek rights to healthcare and rights to justice for patientvictims through the enactment of new medical routines. I demonstrate the historical emergence of a novel, hybrid form of professional jurisdiction and medical practice, and I explore its benefits as well as its unintended consequences. I conclude by discussing the ethical implications of this case for the use of medical evidence to corroborate rape.
    Keywords: United States | Forensic nursing | Rape kit | Sexual assault medical forensic exam | Legal mobilization in medicine


    سطح: متوسط
    تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 12
    حجم فایل: 653 کیلوبایت

    قیمت: رایگان


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