دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان:درک استثمار نیروی کار در بخش کشاورزی اسپانیا با استفاده از رویکرد مبتنی بر عامل - 2019
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  • Understanding labour exploitation in the Spanish agricultural sector using an agent based approach Understanding labour exploitation in the Spanish agricultural sector using an agent based approach
    Understanding labour exploitation in the Spanish agricultural sector using an agent based approach

    سال انتشار:

    2019


    عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:

    Understanding labour exploitation in the Spanish agricultural sector using an agent based approach


    ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:

    درک استثمار نیروی کار در بخش کشاورزی اسپانیا با استفاده از رویکرد مبتنی بر عامل


    منبع:

    Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Journal of Cleaner Production, 214 (2019) 696-704: doi:10:1016/j:jclepro:2018:12:282


    نویسنده:

    Thomas Chesney a, *, Keith Evans b, Stefan Gold c, Alexander Trautrims a


    چکیده انگلیسی:

    Using an agent-based model we explore the model of slavery in modern business developed by Crane (2013). Taking the Spanish agricultural sectordspecifically the area of Campo de Dalías in Almería where much of Europes vegetables are growndas a case, we find that labour exploitation flourishes in communities of like-minded companies that do not care about mainstream norms. We confirm which socioeconomic aspects of labour demand/supply lead to slavery, while challenging the assumption that markets which are dominated by few employers are more prone to exploiting workers. We find that, regarding isolation and connectedness of employers, cluster effects and intense inter-employer communication are particularly effective drivers of underpayment if the cluster is homogenous in terms of wage level and if it is isolated from law-abiding employers. This means that employers tend to confirm and reinforce each other in their illegal behaviour, thus creating enclaves in which non-standard norms prevail and worker exploitation is regarded as legitimate. On the other hand, we see that breaking the isolation of employees among each other only increases pay levels if there are law-abiding employers, pointing to the potentially beneficial role social business and entrepreneurs, state-owned companies, or public entrepreneurs could play for transforming labour conditions of entire markets.
    Keywords: Spanish agriculture | Diffusion of slavery | Agent based model | Unethical labour practices


    سطح: متوسط
    تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 9
    حجم فایل: 296 کیلوبایت

    قیمت: رایگان


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