دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان:چرا باید دفاع جنون را جهانی کنیم و مجازات را با درمان و آموزش جایگزین کنیم؟ - 2019
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  • Why we should universalize the insanity defense and replace punishment with therapy and education Why we should universalize the insanity defense and replace punishment with therapy and education
    Why we should universalize the insanity defense and replace punishment with therapy and education

    سال انتشار:

    2019


    عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:

    Why we should universalize the insanity defense and replace punishment with therapy and education


    ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:

    چرا باید دفاع جنون را جهانی کنیم و مجازات را با درمان و آموزش جایگزین کنیم؟


    منبع:

    Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Aggression and Violent Behavior, 46 (2019) 225-231: doi:10:1016/j:avb:2019:05:001


    نویسنده:

    James Gilligan


    چکیده انگلیسی:

    The insanity defense, which exempts those judged to be insane from being punished for whatever illegal acts they have committed, exists in order to be the exception that proves the rule: namely, that illegal acts, except those committed by the insane, deserve punishment, since they are produced by a person who chose to do what he knew was wrong; and that the only questions we need to ask are moral and legal ones: “how evil was he, and how much punishment does he deserve?” This article will be devoted to showing why punishment, far from preventing violence, is the most powerful stimulant to violence that we have yet discovered; and that we need to replace it with empirically tested policies that do prevent violence. To speak of universalizing the insanity defense is simply another way to speak of abolishing punishment. The article will show why we should abandon the notion that prisons can be reformed, and instead replace them with safe, secure residential colleges and therapeutic communities. This would mean thinking of violence as a problem in public health and preventive medicine, about which we ask “what are the causes of violence, and how can we prevent it?”
    Keywords: Violence | Punishment | Morality | Prisons | Insanity defense | Law


    سطح: متوسط
    تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 7
    حجم فایل: 171 کیلوبایت

    قیمت: رایگان


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