عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
The effect of patent litigation and patent assertion entities on entrepreneurial activity
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
اثر دادخواهی حق ثبت اختراع و ثبت اختراع ادعا اشخاص در فعالیت های کارآفرینی
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Research Policy, 45 (2016) 218-231. doi:10.1016/j.respol.2015.07.002
Article history:Received 22 June 2014Received in revised form 17 June 2015 Accepted 14 July 2015This paper empirically investigates the statistical relationship between levels of patent litigation and ven- ture capital investment in the U.S. We ﬁnd that VC investment, a major funding source for entrepreneurial activity, initially increases with the number of litigated patents. However, there is a “tipping point” where further increases in the number of patents litigated are associated with decreased VC investment, which suggests an inverted U-shaped relation between patent litigation and VC investment. This appears strongest for technology patents, and negligible for products such as pharmaceuticals. Strikingly, we ﬁnd evidence that litigation by frequent patent litigators, a proxy for litigation by patent assertion entities, is directly associated with decreased VC investment, with no positive effects initially.© 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
effect litigation | patent |patent assertion | entrepreneurial activity