عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
A neuro-heuristic approach for recognition of lung diseases from X-ray images
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
یک روش عصبی و اکتشافی برای شناخت بیماری های ریه از تصاویر اشعه ایکس
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Expert Systems With Applications, 126 (2019) 218-232: doi:10:1016/j:eswa:2019:01:060
Qiao Ke a , Jiangshe Zhang a , ∗, Wei Wei b , Dawid Połap c , Marcin Wo ´zniak c , Leon Ko ´smider d , Robertas Damaševi ˘cius
Background and objective: The X-ray screening is one of the most popular methodologies in detection of respiratory system diseases. Chest organs are screened on the film or digital file which go to the doctor for evaluation. However, the analysis of x-ray images requires much experience and time. Clinical decision support is very important for medical examinations. The use of Computational Intelligence can simulate the evaluation and decision processes of a medical expert. We propose a method to provide a decision support for the doctor in order to help to consult each case faster and more precisely. Methods: We use image descriptors based on the spatial distribution of Hue, Saturation and Brightness values in x-ray images, and a neural network co-working with heuristic algorithms (Moth-Flame, Ant Lion) to detect degenerated lung tissues in x-ray image. The neural network evaluates the image and if the possibility of a respiratory disease is detected, the heuristic method identifies the degenerated tissues in the x-ray image in detail based on the use of the proposed fitness function. Results: The average accuracy is 79.06% in pre-detection stage, similarly the sensitivity and the specificity averaged for three pre-classified diseases are 84.22% and 66.7%, respectively. The misclassification errors are 3.23% for false positives and 3.76% for false negatives. Conclusions: The proposed neuro-heuristic approach addresses small changes in the structure of lung tissues, which appear in pneumonia, sarcoidosis or cancer and some consequences that may appear after the treatment. The results show high potential of the newly proposed method. Additionally, the method is flexible and has low computational burden.
Keywords: Medical image processing | Clinical decision support | Neural networks | Heuristic methods