عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Multicarrier continuous-variable quantum key distribution
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
توزیع کلید کوانتومی متغی-پیوسته چند حاملی
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Theoretical Computer Science, Corrected proof: 10:1016/j:tcs:2019:11:026
The multicarrier continuous-variable quantum key distribution (CVQKD) protocol is defined. In a CVQKD protocol, the information is conveyed by coherent quantum states. The quantum continuous variables are sent through a noisy quantum channel. For a quantum channel with additive-multiplicative noise both additive and multiplicative disturbances are present in the transmission. The multiplicative disturbance is an inherent attribute of diverse physical environments. Physical links with additive and multiplicative disturbances can represent a more general approach than purely additive noise links in several practical scenarios. In a standard CVQKD setting, the noise is modeled as an additive white Gaussian noise caused by an eavesdropper (Gaussian quantum link). As a corollary, standard CVQKD protocols are not optimal for arbitrary Gaussian quantum channels if multiplicative disturbances are also present in the physical link. Here, we define the adaptive multicarrier quadrature division (AMQD) modulation technique for CVQKD. The AMQD method is optimal for arbitrary Gaussian quantum channels with arbitrary multiplicative disturbances. The protocol granulates the Gaussian random input into Gaussian subcarrier continuous variables in the encoding phase, which are then decoded by a continuous unitary transformation. The subcarrier coherent variables formulate sub-channels from the physical link which leads to improved transmission efficiency, higher tolerable loss, and excess noise in comparison to standard CVQKD protocols. We also derive the security proof of multicarrier CVQKD at optimal Gaussian attacks in the finite-size and asymptotic regimes.
Keywords: Quantum key distribution | Quantum cryptography | Quantum communications | Continuous-variables | Quantum Shannon theory