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عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Managing underground transfer of floods for irrigation: A case study from the Ramganga basin, India
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
مدیریت انتقال زیرزمینی سیلاب برای آبیاری : یک مطالعه موردی از حوضه رامگانگا ، هند
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Journal of Hydrology, 583 (2020) 124518. doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2019.124518
V. Ratna Reddya,⁎, Sanjit Kumar Routa, Sarah Shalsib, Paul Pavelicc, Andrew Rossd
Protecting flood prone locations through floodwater recharge of the depleted aquifers and using it for protecting
dry season irrigated agriculture is the rationale for a form of intervention termed as ‘underground transfer of
floods for irrigation’ (UTFI). This helps reduce the intensity of seasonal floods by tapping and storing excess
floodwater in aquifers for productive agricultural use. This paper presents a case study of managing the recharge
interventions in the context of the Ramganga basin, India. Using a case study approach, this study determines the
socio-economic and institutional context of the study area, proposes three potential routes to institutionalize
UTFI, and provides insights for scaling up the interventions in the Ganges and other river basins that face
seasonal floods and dry season water shortages.
Managing the interventions involves community participation in regular operations and maintenance tasks.
Given the limited scale of the pilot UTFI intervention implemented to date, and the socio-economic and institutional
context of the case study region, the benefits are not conspicuous, though the piloting helped in
identifying potential ways forward for the long-term management of the pilot site, and for scaling up the interventions.
Initially pilot site management was handled by the project team working closely with the community
leaders and villagers. As the intervention was demonstrated to perform effectively, management was
handed over to the district authorities after providing appropriate training to the government personnel to
manage the system and liaise with the local community to ensure the site is operated and managed appropriately.
The district administration is willing to support UTFI by pooling money from different sources and
routing them through the sub-district administration. While this is working in the short term, the paper outlines
a programmatic longer term approach for wider replication.
Keywords: Floods | Droughts | Groundwater | Management | Institution | Ganges basin | India