دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان:تولید دانش و سازگاری با کمبود آب در کشورهای در حال توسعه - 2020
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  • Co-production of knowledge and adaptation to water scarcity in developing countries Co-production of knowledge and adaptation to water scarcity in developing countries
    Co-production of knowledge and adaptation to water scarcity in developing countries

    سال انتشار:

    2020


    عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:

    Co-production of knowledge and adaptation to water scarcity in developing countries


    ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:

    تولید دانش و سازگاری با کمبود آب در کشورهای در حال توسعه


    منبع:

    Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Journal of Environmental Management, 262 (2020) 110283. doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2020.110283


    نویسنده:

    Zahra Zarei a, Ezatollah Karami a,*, Marzieh Keshavarz b


    چکیده انگلیسی:

    Dwindling of freshwater resources is a harsh reality of the arid and semi-arid regions of the world and climate change is expected to deteriorate their situation through major reduction of freshwater supplies. Co-production of knowledge, through active negotiation of experts, government and local stakeholders has been used as a strategy to adapt to water scarcity. However, in many developing countries, co-production of knowledge is not common and adaptation efforts rarely reflects the plurality of involved knowledge sources and actors. Given the urgent need of transition towards water-efficient agricultural practices, the Iran’s government applied the knowledge co-production approach and implemented an integrated participatory crop management (IPCM) project in the Bakian village, Fars province. The objectives of this study were to analyze the knowledge coproduction process, identify the factors contributing to adoption of the co-produced knowledge and investigate the corresponding social, economic and environmental impacts. A mixed-method research was conducted comprising a case study on 19 informants selected using purposive sampling and a survey of 150 rice producers selected through systematic random sampling. The results indicated the relevance and pertinence of knowledge co-production in recognizing the real problems of the rice producers and suggesting some potential adaptive strategies. Though a wide range of natural, financial, technical, institutional and structural constraints restricted adoption of the proposed adaptive strategies, application of the co-produced knowledge significantly increased water productivity, ensured higher yields and farm-based sustainable livelihoods, and enhanced resilience of the farm households under water scarcity. Some recommendations and implications are offered to increase adaptation of farm families to water scarcity.
    Keywords: Co-production of knowledge | Adaptation | Water scarcity | Climate change | Integrated participatory crop management | Impact assessment


    سطح: متوسط
    تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 12
    حجم فایل: 1630 کیلوبایت

    قیمت: رایگان


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