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عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Identifying safety archetypes of construction workers using system dynamics and content analysis
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
شناسایی الگوی اصلی ایمنی کارگران ساختمانی با استفاده از پویایی سیستم و تحلیل محتوا
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Safety Science, 129 (2020) 104831. doi:10.1016/j.ssci.2020.104831
Amir Mohammadi, Mehdi Tavakolan
Construction accidents have unique features on the surface, while further investigation often reveals common
underlying systemic patterns that lead to accidents. By identifying these patterns, organizations can better understand
past accidents, monitor risk, and reduce the likelihood of future accidents. Further, construction project
management is such a complex effort due to the unique, dynamic, and temporary nature of the construction
industry. Furthermore, there is lack of research on exploring the systematic patterns responsible for occurrence
of accidents. To address this gap in knowledge, this paper aims to better understand the dynamic complexity of
construction safety by identifying behavioral patterns of workers that recur in construction projects continuously.
Content analysis and ground theory method (GTM) were adopted for this research. In total, 100
papers were reviewed to explore the influential factors affecting the safety in construction projects. Furthermore,
20 interviews were conducted with experts in the field of construction health and safety. The results showed that
there are four archetypes of construction workers: (1) blame on workers, (2) construction delay, (3) incentive
programs, and (4) subcontractors’ financial status. The identified archetypes have been illustrated at different
steps including the dynamic theory, behavior over time, and the leverage point to show how to manage the
archetype. The developed archetypes could be useful for decision-makers and help them be aware of the longterm
effects of their decisions in the projects. They also provide systemic vision for project managers helping
them understand the dynamic complexity of construction safety management.
Keywords: Construction management | Safety | Systems thinking | Content analysis | System dynamics | Archetypes | Worker