دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان:با توجه به پایداری در طراحی و ساخت کشتی های کروز بر اساس سیستم های صدور گواهینامه پایداری موجود - 2020
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  • Considering sustainability in cruise vessel design and construction based on existing sustainability certification systems Considering sustainability in cruise vessel design and construction based on existing sustainability certification systems
    Considering sustainability in cruise vessel design and construction based on existing sustainability certification systems

    سال انتشار:

    2020


    عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:

    Considering sustainability in cruise vessel design and construction based on existing sustainability certification systems


    ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:

    با توجه به پایداری در طراحی و ساخت کشتی های کروز بر اساس سیستم های صدور گواهینامه پایداری موجود


    منبع:

    Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Journal of Cleaner Production, 259 (2020) 120763. doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.120763


    نویسنده:

    Kaisa K€onn€ol€a a, Karri Kangas a, Kaapo Sepp€al€a a, Marileena M€akel€a b, Teijo Lehtonen a, *


    چکیده انگلیسی:

    Interest towards sustainability in cruise industry has increased during recent years. This article focuses in the ship design and construction phase and what sustainability indicators can be collected e and adapted - from certification systems in other sectors. Certificates in land-based construction and hospitality sectors, as well as a general reporting scheme called Global Reporting Initiative (GRI), serve as a benchmark in this study. The indicators that can be collected already during the design and construction phase are categorized, the categories are linked to the phase in which the indicators have effect on, and the applicability of each category for cruise industry is considered. The certificates for land-based construction are more detailed than GRI and more thorough than certificates in hospitality sector. From the indicators affecting design and construction phase, indicators in general management of the project, material selection and waste management categories can be utilized in cruise industry similarly to existing sustainability systems. While social sustainability is seen important in cruise industry, in land-based construction sector the social sustainability indicators are scarce, whereas GRI or even hospitality sector certificates have more comprehensive set of indicators. In indicators affecting the operation time, modification and additions are required before usage in cruise industry. The environmental effects should be redefined taking into account especially the air pollution and waste management. In well-being effects and encouraging sustainable lifestyle there are plenty of unsuitable indicators due to the operational environment, but new indicators could be developed on the crew premises. Building efficiency and commissioning are suitable for cruise industry. Although there are only a few indicators affecting the deconstruction phase, they can be considered suitable.
    Keywords: Sustainability | Cruise industry | Certificate | Indicator


    سطح: متوسط
    تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 11
    حجم فایل: 513 کیلوبایت

    قیمت: رایگان


    توضیحات اضافی:




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