عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Genera and species vs: laws of nature two epistemic frameworks and their respective ideal worlds
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
جنس و گونه ها در مقابل قوانین طبیعت ، دو چارچوب معرفتی و جهان های ایده آل آنها
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science, 81 (2020) 6-15: doi:10:1016/j:shpsa:2020:01:007
This paper seeks to exhibit and explain, by way of comparison, two ideal kinds of knowledge: knowledge based
on classifications according to genera and species, as in Aristotelianism and common sense, and scientific
knowledge based on the application of laws of nature. I will proceed by attempting (1) to determine the role that
presuppositions play in knowledge in general by means of the distinction between content and form; (2) to
describe and explain the main features of both ideal forms of knowledge; and, finally, (3) to analyze the relation
between these two forms of knowledge as it is presented in Eddington’s celebrated discussion of the “two tables”.
I will be critical of the widespread view that modern science is the correct form of knowledge, and that common
sense is merely an illusion.
Keywords: Aristotelian science | Modern science | Common sense | Substance | Function