عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Organ Donation Related With Attitude Toward the Law of Presumed Consent: Spanish University Medical and Nursing Students Study
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
اهدای عضو مرتبط با نگرش به قانون رضایت احتمالی: مطالعه دانشجویان پزشکی و پرستاری دانشگاه اسپانیا
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Transplantation Proceedings, 52 (2020) 439-442: doi:10:1016/j:transproceed:2019:12:033
Laura Martínez-Alarcóna,b,c,d,*, Antonio Ríosa,b,c,d,e, Pedro Ramón Gutiérrezf,g, Francisco Javier Gómezh, Elena Santainés-Borredái, María Concepción Agras-Suarezj, Jorge Iriartek, Guillermo Arturo Cañadas-De la Fuentel, Rafael Herruzom, Barbara Hurtado-Pardosn, Gerardo Blancoo, Carmen Bárcena-Calvop, Francisco Javier Llorcaq, Catalina Perelló-Campanerr, Angel Asunsolos, Juan Manuel Arribas-Marint, Pilar Sánchezu, Silvia García-Mayorv, Ana Fernándezw, Maria Nelia Soto-Ruízx, Maria Teresa de Jesúsy, Juan Carlos Navalónz, Alberto Lanaaa, Carme Bertran-Noguerbb, L. Fuentescc, Maria Pilar Peña-Ama
Information provided by health care professionals is crucial to create a
climate of social opinion. This is important in organ donation and transplantation (ODT),
where the participation of the general public is essential to obtain organs.
Objective. To determine the attitude toward the Law of Presumed Consent (LPC) among
Spanish university students and to analyze their relation with attitude toward ODT.
Methods. and design. The type of study was a sociologic, multicenter, observational
study. The population included medical and nursing students in Spanish universities.
Database of Collaborative International Donor Project was used stratified by geographic
area and academic course. A validated questionnaire (Collaborative International Donor
Project, organ donation and transplantation questionnaire in Spanish [PCID-DTO-RIOS])
was self-administered and completed anonymously. A sample of 9598 medical and 10,566
nursing students was analyzed (99% confidence and precision of 1%) and stratified by
geographic area and year of study.
Results. Completion rate was 90%. Regarding attitude toward LPC, 66% of the students
were against the law, whereas 34% accepted it. Of the students surveyed, 9% considered
the law as a gesture of solidarity, 25% as an effective way of not wasting organs, 48% as an
abuse of power, and 18% as offenses against the family. Those students who were in favor
of LPC also had a more favorable attitude toward ODT (86% vs 76%; P < .001).
Comparing groups, nursing students were less in favor of LPC than medical students (32%
vs 36%; P < .000).
Conclusion. Sixty-six percent of Spanish university medical and nursing students were
against the LPC. The favorable attitude toward ODT is associated with considering the law
as a gesture of solidarity or as an effective way of not wasting organs.