عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
State Gun Control Laws, Gun Ownership and the Supply of HomicideOrgan Donors
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
قوانین کنترل اسلحه در امور دولتی ، مالکیت اسلحه و تأمین مالی اهداکنندگان سازمان
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - International Review of Law & Economics, 63 (2020) 105925: doi:10:1016/j:irle:2020:105925
tThe likelihood of being a potential deceased organ donor is higher for individuals who have been exposedto situations typically characterized by a severe head trauma or stroke that result in brain death. Employ-ing count data models that account for overdispersion and/or excessive counts of zeros, this paper assessesthe unintended consequences of enforcing stricter gun control laws and the effects of gun ownership onhomicide organ donor supply in the United States using county data for the period 2009–2015. The find-ings confirm the transplantation paradox hypothesis that stricter gun control laws reduce the expectedcases of gun homicides and thereby reduce deceased organ donor supply and exacerbate the organ short-age. The findings are robust to several measures of the strength of gun control laws, restricted samples andspurious outcome variables. However, the direction of the impact of gun ownership levels on homicideorgan donor supply proved to be inconclusive.
Keywords:Organ donation | State gun control laws | Homicide | Negative binomial | Overdispersion