عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Effects of early patent publication on knowledge dissemination: Evidence from U:S: patent law reform
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
اثرات انتشار زودهنگام ثبت اختراع در انتشار دانش: شواهدی از اصلاح قانون ثبت اختراع در ایالات متحده
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Information Economics and Policy, 51 (2020) 100852: doi:10:1016/j:infoecopol:2020:100852
Yoshimi Okada a , ∗, Sadao Nagaoka b
In order to assess effects of early publication of patent applications on the dissemination of the disclosed technological knowledge, this study examines the impacts of the 18-month pre-grant publication system introduced in the United States in 20 0 0. It focuses on the variations of the applicant non-self-citations driven by the actual policy reform, unlike prior studies, after demonstrating that including examiner ci- tations causes a systematic bias toward early knowledge flows to subsequent inventors. It finds that the citation probability rose significantly in early stage following the early publication, which shows that the reform accelerated knowledge diffusion significantly. Furthermore, the effect was stronger in the fields with longer publication lag before the reform (strongest in Computers & Communications, followed by in Drugs and Medicals). The reform looks to have helped inventors to recognize potential duplication and follow-on invention opportunities earlier. In addition, the publications of eventually abandoned patent applications, which had not been published before the reform, are found to have become significant new knowledge sources..
Keywords: Disclosure Knowledge | flow Patent | Pre-grant | publication | Applicant citation | Examiner citation