عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Californias paid family leave law improves maternal psychological health
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
قانون مرخصی خانوادگی پرداخت شده در کالیفرنیا سلامت روانشناختی مادران را بهبود میبخشد
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Social Science & Medicine, 256 (2020) 113003: doi:10:1016/j:socscimed:2020:113003
Elizabeth L. Dorana,∗, Ann P. Bartelb, Christopher J. Ruhmc, Jane Waldfogela
Objective: To study the effect of Californias first in the nation paid family leave policy on maternal postpartum
psychological distress for women overall and for disadvantaged groups.
Methods: We use restricted data from 11 waves of the National Health Interview Survey, from 2000 to 2010, to
examine mothers with children under the age of 12 months (n = 7379). Outcomes included three measures
obtained from the six-item Kessler Psychological Distress Scale: an aggregated score and thresholds for mild and
moderate psychological distress. For inference, we used synthetic control models, comparing mothers with infants
in California to mothers with infants in the control group, pre-law and post-law.
Results: Access to paid family leave was associated with a 0.636-point decrease (95% CI = −1.202, −0.070) in
postpartum psychological distress symptoms among mothers with infants, representing a 27.6% decrease from
the pre-treatment mean. It was also associated with a 9.1 percentage point reduction (95% CI = −17.8, −0.4)
in mild postpartum distress, a 38.4% reduction from the pre-treatment mean. Populations that typically lack
access to paid family leave, particularly single and younger mothers, may have seen even larger effects.
Conclusions: Paid family leave was associated with improved mental health for California mothers, suggesting
that expansions of state or federal paid family leave policies have the potential to improve maternal postpartum
Keywords: California | Paid family leave | Mental health | Maternal health | Postpartum psychological distress | Public policy