عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Testing a theoretical resistance law for overland flow under simulated rainfall with different types of vegetation
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
آزمایش یک قانون مقاومت نظری برای جریان زمینی در زیر بارانهای شبیه سازی شده با انواع مختلف پوشش گیاهی
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Catena, 189 (2020) 104482: doi:10:1016/j:catena:2020:104482
A. Nicosiaa, C. Di Stefanoa, V. Pampalonea, V. Palmerib, V. Ferrob,⁎, V. Polyakovc, M.A. Nearingc
In this paper a recently theoretically deduced flow resistance equation, based on a power-velocity profile, was
tested using data collected for overland flow under simulated rainfall carried out in plots with vegetation. The
available data were obtained exploring a wide range of rainfall intensities (from 60 to 181 mm h−1) and slopes
(from 3.6 to 39.6%), and with four different types of vegetation. The database, including measurements of flow
velocity, water depth, cross sectional flow area, wetted perimeter and bed slope, was divided in four datasets
(one for each vegetation type), which allowed the calibration of the relationship between the velocity profile
parameter Γ, the slope steepness, the flow Froude number, and the rainfall Reynolds number. The effect of
rainfall intensity and different types of vegetation on flow resistance was investigated.
The results showed that the theoretically deduced flow resistance equation allowed an accurate estimate of
the Darcy-Weisbach friction factor for overland flow under simulated rainfall and in presence of vegetation. The
developed analysis also suggested that flow resistance increases with rainfall intensity for laminar overland flow.
The available data demonstrated that a quasi-independence between slope and mean velocity occurred. Finally,
a single flow resistance equation resulted applicable to all investigated vegetation types and this equation was
affected by flow regime represented by flow Reynolds number.
Keywords: Open channel flow | Vegetable cover | Rainfall simulation | Velocity profile | Flow resistance | Dimensional analysis | Self-similarity | Soil erosion