عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
The Association Between State Physical Education Laws and Student Physical Activity
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
انجمن بین قوانین تربیت بدنی دولتی و فعالیت بدنی دانش آموزان
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 58 (2020) 436-445: doi:10:1016/j:amepre:2019:09:018
Wanting Lin, JD,1 Julien Leider, MA,1 Ce Shang, PhD,2 Erin Hennessy, PhD, MPH,3 Frank M. Perna, EdD, PhD,4 Jamie F. Chriqui, PhD, MHS1,5
Introduction: This study examined the association between state physical education time requirements
and physical activity and physical education outcomes among high school students.
Methods: State physical education time requirement laws for 2004−2016 from the Classification
of Laws Associated with School Students database were linked with 2005−2017 national Youth
Risk Behavior Survey data using state and year identifiers. Analyses were conducted between 2018
and 2019 to assess associations between physical education time requirement laws and physical
activity or physical education outcomes using multinomial logistic regressions, while controlling
for sociodemographic characteristics, year-fixed effects, and state confounders.
Results: State laws requiring ≥90 minutes of physical education per week were associated with 3.1
percentage points lower probability of no days of physical activity ≥60 minutes (95%
CI= 5.0, 1.1), 3.7 percentage points lower probability of no days of moderate exercise ≥30
minutes (95% CI= 6.2, 1.3), 4.2 percentage points lower probability of no days of vigorous exercise
≥20 minutes (95% CI= 5.2, 3.3), and 19.3 percentage points lower probability of not attending
physical education class (95% CI= 34.4, 4.2). The laws were associated with a 2.4 percentage
point higher probability of daily moderate exercise ≥30 minutes in male students (95% CI=0.6, 4.2)
and a 3.4 percentage point higher probability in female students (95% CI=1.9, 4.9), with larger associations
for female students (p<0.01).
Conclusions: Findings from this study help support the role that physical education state requirements
can play in enhancing adolescents’ ability to meet recommended amounts of daily physical
activity and the related public health benefits.
Am J Prev Med 2020;58(3):436−445. © 2019 American Journal of Preventive Medicine. Published by Elsevier
Inc. All rights reserved.