عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Psychodynamics of shame in prison: The Russian dolls of shame
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
روان شناسی شرمندگی در زندان: عروسک های روسی از شرم
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - LEvolution psychiatrique, 85 (2020) 207-215: doi:10:1016/j:evopsy:2019:12:006
Vincent Combes (Psychologue clinicien) a,∗, Sara Skandrani (Maître de conférences en psychopathologie, Psychologue clinicienne)b, Franc¸ ois Pommier (Professeur en psychopathologie, Psychiatre, Psychanalyste)c
Objectives. – Shame is omnipresent in jail, often in the shadows orhidden behind the masks of other affects. However, psychologicalresearch in a forensic context has paid little attention to this feeling.Method. – This present qualitative study, conducted at a Paris sub-urban jail, is based on psychotherapeutic interviews and groupdiscussions on parenthood with inmates.Results. – Shame first reveals itself silently through body language:shifty eyes, sweaty palms, stooped shoulders. Then it becomesmore apparent when incarcerated individuals expose their perso-nal background, the origin of their delinquent behavior, or theireveryday life in prison.Discussion. – We posit that shame is structural and cumulative inthe life of incarcerated individuals, nested like five Russian dollsin their psyche: first, shame germinates in their social and culturalenvironment; secondly, it roots itself in the experience of violenceand trauma; then it is revealed at the heart of the psychodynamicsof crime; it is amplified by imprisonment; and lastly, while still injail, shame is transmitted to the next generation.Conclusion. – Our research has demonstrated the prevalence ofshame in the psychodynamics of inmates. Further research couldfocus on defining specific psychotherapeutic approaches that canhelp them overcome shame.
Keywords: Shame | Guilt| Criminality| Jail | Inmate | Humiliation | Discrimination | Physical violence |Sexual violence | Trauma | Support group | Family | Transmission | Forensic psychology | Qualitative study