عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Banalization discourse in sentenced persons: Some clinical aspects in the penitentiary context
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
گفتمان تحریم در افراد محکوم : برخی از جنبه های بالینی در زمینه زندان
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - LEvolution psychiatrique, 85 (2020) 229-238. doi:10.1016/j.evopsy.2020.01.007
Julien Denans (Psychologue clinicien, Docteur en psychopathologie)∗
Objectives. – The use of the term “banalization” has become wides-pread in the judicial and penitentiary context, as a descriptiveway for the professional (penitentiary counsellor, psychologist,magistrate, etc.) to account for the gap between an institutionallysanctioned offense and the convicted person’s point of view. In thisway, we hear in our daily lives about people in the criminal jus-tice system who “banalize their actions.” However, this term lacksa clear definition and an operationality, appearing more as a gene-ral category and sometimes as a “catch-all.” This article aims toquestion the use of banalization in order to give it a more precisedefinition, in particular, regarding its psychodynamic stakes.Method. – Starting from a psychologist’s practice in a penitentiaryservice of insertion and probation, and relying on clinical materialaround banalization discourse, we propose to develop some aspectsof such discursive anchorages that are located at the crossroads of the singular subject and the social reference, or which question thenotion of defense mechanism. A detour through the works of H.Arendt will also allow us to extend the theoretical field to cate-gories of thought activity, individual responsibility, relationship toinstitution and culture (prohibition, law, norms, etc.), and will alsoilluminate the distinction between banality and banalization.Results. – Banalization discourse demonstrates, for the subject, thepsychodynamic stakes in terms of the ability to think through onesactions, to dialecticize one’s individual responsibility, and to situateoneself in a relationship with the other. There is, furthermore, asocial dimension (rules of living together, normative, instituted) atstake. From this point of view, banalization discourse involves thesubject as subject of language and of a social bond, incarnated herein the institutional judiciary and penitentiary context.Discussion. – The discourse of banalization, on the condition of beingquestioned outside of mere moral considerations or judgments,opens up a complex discursive figure for the professional, in light ofpsychodynamic determinisms, references to the institutional sym-bolic framework, and the expression of a language practice withinthe social bond. Banalization questions, from this point of view, themeaning of the sentence and the probation process put in placearound the notion of the offender’s accountability.Conclusions. – Banalization, beyond the person who minimizesher/his actions, refers to a wider clinical vision in a penitentiaryenvironment, since it touches the subjectivation of the judicialevent, the manner in which subjects are included in the social bondand what regulates it, their empathic preoccupations, their abilityto conceptualize their actions, their relationship to a common refe-rence point with its necessary limits. . . In this way, banalizationemerges as a figure of language that must be considered in a waythat goes beyond the mere description of a representation gap.
Keywords: Banalization | Discourse | Penitentiary institution | Capacity to think | Alterity | Responsibility | Social bond