عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Exploring the potential association between gang membership and health outcomes in a longitudinal sample of youth and young adults
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
بررسی ارتباط بالقوه بین عضویت در گروه و نتایج سلامت در یک نمونه طولی از جوانان و بزرگسالان
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Journal of Criminal Justice, 66 (2020) 101629. doi:10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2019.101629
Dzhansarayeva Rimaa, Malikova Sholpana, Atakhanova Gulzagiraa, Bisenova Meruerta, Kevin M. Beaverb
Purpose: Health criminology is an emerging line of inquiry that has focused on the association between crime/
criminality and health outcomes. The current study sought to add to this literature by examining the potential
connection between gang membership and health problems and brain-based disorders.
Methods: Data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) were analyzed.
Results: The results revealed that gang membership was associated with only two (cancer and high blood
pressure) of the potential 12 health problems and brain-based disorders. Additional analyses indicated that gang
membership was related to a combined measure of health problems, but not to a combined measure of brainbased
disorders or to a cumulative measure of health problems. Supplemental analysis also revealed that gang
membership was associated with an increased odds of being shot or stabbed.
Conclusions: Gang membership does not appear to have sweeping negative effects on general health and brainbased
disorders through young adulthood. We conclude by discussing the limitations of the study and directions
for future research.
Keywords: Add health | Crime | Disorders | Gangs | Health