عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Do developmental changes in impulsivity and sensation seeking uniquely predict violent victimization? A test of the dual systems model
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
آیا تغییرات رشدی در انگیزش و احساس به دنبال منحصر به فرد بودن قربانی خشونت آمیز هستند؟ آزمایشی از مدل سیستم های دوتایی
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Journal of Criminal Justice, 66 (2020) 101639. doi:10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2019.101639
Eric J. Connollya,⁎, Eric M. Cookea, Kevin M. Beaverb,c, Wyatt Browna
Purpose: Previous research has revealed that variation in levels of self-control is associated with violent victimization.
Absent from this line of research is an evaluation of whether unique components of self-control,
reflective of the dual-systems model, are uniquely associated with violent victimization from adolescence
through young adulthood.
Methods: The current study analyzed longitudinal data from a population-based sample of youth to assess bidirectional
associations among impulsivity, sensation seeking, and violent criminal victimization from ages 16 to
23. Latent growth curve models were estimated to examine developmental trajectories of impulsivity and sensation
seeking. Autoregressive cross-lagged models were used to assess the direction of effects between variables
Results: Evidence for the dual systems model of self-control was found with impulsivity and sensation seeking
developing at different rates from adolescence into young adulthood. Changes in impulsivity were positively
associated with changes in violent criminal victimization from adolescence through young adulthood. However,
changes in sensation seeking were not associated with changes in victimization.
Conclusions: Findings from the current study provide further evidence for the dual systems model of self-control
and suggest that impulsivity may be a more potent risk factor for violent criminal victimization than sensation
Keywords: Impulsivity | Sensation seeking | Victimization | Dual systems model | Low self-control