عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Revisiting the generality of rational choice theory: Evidence for general patterns but differential effects across varying levels of psychopathy
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
بازنگری کلی تئوری انتخاب منطقی: شواهدی برای الگوهای کلی اما تأثیرات افتراقی در سطوح مختلف روانپزشکی
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Journal of Criminal Justice, 66 (2020) 101654. doi:10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2019.101654
James V. Ray⁎,1, Thomas Baker2, Michael S. Caudy3
Examining the role of individual differences in perceptions of risk and rewards to offending has become an important line of inquire (Pratt, Cullen, Blevins, Daigle, & Madensen, 2006); however, psychopathy has yet to be considered. We tested the interaction between psychopathy and rational choice variables to determine if those with elevated psychopathy were differentially motivated to offend. Using a panel of 1307 serious juvenile offenders, we found a within-individual interaction effect between changes in psychopathy and changes in perceptions of risk and rewards after controlling for several relevant factors (e.g., early onset conduct problems, race, gender, exposure to violence, delinquent peer association, family criminal history, having children, gang involvement, and street time) and unobserved, between-individual heterogeneity. We further explored significant interactions using group-based models. These findings suggested that those with elevated psychopathy were more motivated by perceived rewards. However, the interaction for psychopathy and risk suggested that those with elevated levels of psychopathy were also more deterred by the perceived risks of offending. Findings support rational choice variables as robust predictors of offending; however, they may be most influential on decisions to offend among those demonstrating the greatest risk of offending.