عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
How does the welfare state reduce crime? The effect of program characteristics and decommodification across 18 OECD-countries
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
چگونه دولت رفاه جرم را کاهش می دهد؟ تأثیر ویژگی های برنامه و تغییر ساختار در 18 کشور عضو OECD
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Journal of Criminal Justice, 68 (2020) 101684. doi:10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2020.101684
Maximilian Rudolpha, Peter Starkeb,⁎
Purpose: The article revisits the negative effect of welfare state schemes on crime rates with a focus on the
pathways of that effect. Social support theory (SST) and institutional anomie theory (IAT) are two related
theoretical approaches to explain why – and how – the welfare state might prevent criminal behavior. This
article tests the relevance of these theories for cross-country and over-time variation in homicide rates with more
precise disaggregated welfare state indicators than used previously.
Methods: We use panel regressions with country fixed effects and data for 18 OECD countries between 1990 and
2011. Disaggregated cross-national social expenditure and benefit generosity data is used to discriminate between
pathways of welfare state influence on cross-national homicide.
Results: The welfare state suppresses crime particularly through social support via generous unemployment
benefits. Overall decommodification, the key measure to test IAT, however, does not have any effect on homicide.
Conclusions: Only some welfare state interventions matter for homicide rates.
Keywords: Welfare | Crime | Homicide | Social support theory | Institutional anomie theory