عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Police use of force and suspect behavior: An inmate perspective
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
استفاده پلیس از زور و رفتار مشکوک: چشم انداز زندانی
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Journal of Criminal Justice, 67 (2020) 101673. doi:10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2020.101673
Mark Alden Morgana,⁎, Matthew William Loganb, Tayte Marie Olmac
Purpose: Research regarding police use of force is primarily based on official or administrative data provided by
criminal justice agencies. However, less is known about these incidents from the personal accounts of the suspects
with whom the responding officer(s) interact.
Methods: We employ a focal concerns perspective and draw on distinct data—self-report inmate surveys—to
examine the extent to which the use of force is influenced by several legal and extralegal variables pertaining to
the situation and the suspect at the point of arrest. Multiple imputation generated a sample of 17,897 cases and
generalized ordered logistic regression models evaluated outcomes across three types of force.
Results: Findings indicate that suspect resistance exerts the strongest effects on the odds of force being used.
Specifically, suspects who engaged in aggressive resistance were nearly ten times more likely to receive any force
and six times more likely to receive potentially lethal force. We also observed statistically significant differences
in the application of force by suspect age, sex, race, and mental illness—above and beyond the effects of resistance.
Conclusions: Our findings comport with the extant literature and demonstrate the utility of offender self-report
data as a means to further examine officer-suspect interactions.
Keywords: Arrest | Focal concerns | Racial disparity | Resistance | Use of force