عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Post-implementation of a Safe Harbor law in the U.S.: Review of state administrative data
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
پس از اجرای قانون بندر ایمن در ایالات متحده: بررسی داده های اداری ایالتی
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Child Abuse & Neglect, 101 (2020) 104320. doi:10.1016/j.chiabu.2019.104320
Jennifer Colea,b,*, Ginny Sprangb
Background: Safe harbor laws have been implemented to change the way systems of care respond
to juveniles exploited in commercial sex in the U.S., yet there is little research on the way these
laws have impacted the identification and rehabilitation of juveniles.
Objective: Using administrative data, this study investigates the impact of a safe harbor law
enacted in one state in the U.S.
Participants and Setting: This study examines secondary data on juveniles with prostitution-related
charges from 2007 to 2017 (n=17); juveniles who were screened for human trafficking by
juvenile court personnel (n=56,937); (3) screenings for human trafficking with juveniles in the
juvenile justice system (n=12,223); and (4) juveniles who were reported to the child welfare
agency as possible victims of human trafficking (n=697). The number of criminal cases of
human trafficking involving victims under the age of 18 years old from 2007 to 2017 were
analyzed by calendar year (n=61).
Methods: Aggregate, administrative data was accessed and analyzed.
Results: Findings show that juvenile justice and juvenile court personnel are screening for trafficking
at an increasing rate and making referrals to the child welfare system as mandated by law.
However, a relatively low percentage of these cases are substantiated, confirmed and/or result in
criminal charges to the trafficker. Despite safe harbor mandates that prohibit the charging of
juveniles with prostitution offenses, there is evidence that this is still occurring in small numbers.
Conclusions: Based on these findings, researchers have identified next steps to facilitate future
investigations of safe harbor laws.
Keywords: Sex trafficking of minors | Human trafficking | Legislative reform | Child | Juvenile