عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Prevalence of mental disorders among all justice-involved: A populationlevel study in Canada
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
شیوع اختلالات روانی در بین کلیه افراد مرتبط با عدالت: یک مطالعه عاملی در کانادا
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 68 (2020) 101523. doi:10.1016/j.ijlp.2019.101523
Jennifer M. Hensela,⁎, Hygiea Casianoa, Mariette J. Chartierb, Okechukwu Ekumab, Leonard MacWilliamb, Natalie Motac, Chelsey McDougallb, James M. Boltona
More than 10 million people are imprisoned around the world, with many more who encounter the justice
system. However, most studies examining the mental health burden in the justice system have examined only
incarcerated individuals, with few looking at both criminal offending and victimization at the population-level.
This study aimed to describe the population-level prevalence of mental disorders among the entirety of justiceinvolved
individuals in a Canadian sample. The study was conducted using linked health and justice administrative
data for all residents of Manitoba, Canada ages 18–64 between April 1, 2007 and March 31, 2012. All
justice involvement (crime accusations and victimizations) and inpatient and outpatient mental disorder diagnoses
(mood/anxiety, substance use, psychotic, personality disorders and suicidal behavior) were retrieved.
Five-year age- and sex-adjusted prevalence of mental disorders and suicidal behaviour among those with any
crime accusation and any victimization were compared to the general population of Manitoba. The study found
that age- and sex-adjusted prevalence of any mental disorder was significantly higher among both adults accused
of a crime and those victimized (38.9% and 38.6%, respectively) compared to the general population (26.1%).
Rate ratios for specific mental disorders and suicidal behaviour were 1.4–3.6 among those accused of a crime,
and 1.4–3.7 among those who were victims, compared to the general population. These findings highlight the
need for urgent and expanded attention to this intersection of vulnerability. Victimization is especially an area of
justice-related health that requires more attention.
Keywords: Justice system | Victim | Administrative data | Mental disorders