عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Women in German forensic addiction treatment: Epidemiology and genderrelated decision making in jurisdiction
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
زنان آلمانی در درمان اعتیاد پزشکی قانونی : اپیدمیولوژی و تصمیم گیری جنسیتی در صلاحیت
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 70 (2020) 101567. doi:10.1016/j.ijlp.2020.101567
Jan Querengässera,b,⁎, Hans-Joachim Traubc
Purpose: Within the German legal framework, if an unlawful act is committed by a substance-addicted offender,
courts shall make a forensic addiction treatment order (referred to as FAT). In 2010–2015, German courts applied
this rule to 14,576 individuals. The article aims to explore the development of FAT sex ratios, its relation to
other criminological measures and its regional distribution - and to describe gender-related differences within
the FAT population.
Methods: Yearly and state-specific sex ratios in FAT orders were calculated and related to general delinquency
figures. Women were compared to men on various variables. We computed chi-square, t- and Kruskal-Wallis
Results: Compared to registered and sanctioned delinquency, women are steadily underrepresented, but the sex
ratio differs largely among German states. Compared to men, women are 1 year older, have a less severe criminal
history and a different distribution of addiction-related delinquency. Their average concurrent prison sentence is
shorter, indicating less severe offences.
Conclusions: Findings largely conform to epidemiological knowledge. However, it is unlikely that these effects
explain the extent of womens underrepresentation concerning FAT. Instead, FAT-application seems to be influenced
by gender-related decision biases in jurisdiction. Regional differences cannot be explained epidemiologically,
they seem to indicate different juridical “cultures”.
Keywords: Forensic psychiatry | Substance abuse | Gender differences | Offender treatment | Epidemiology