دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان:آیا قانون پنروز در مجارستان صدق می کند؟  داده های یک بررسی گسترده و ارزیابی مجدد - 2020
دانلود بهترین مقالات isi همراه با ترجمه فارسی 2
دانلود مقاله انگلیسی حقوق خصوصی رایگان
  • Does Penroses Law apply to Hungary? Data of an extended survey and reappraisal Does Penroses Law apply to Hungary? Data of an extended survey and reappraisal
    Does Penroses Law apply to Hungary? Data of an extended survey and reappraisal

    سال انتشار:

    2020


    عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:

    Does Penroses Law apply to Hungary? Data of an extended survey and reappraisal


    ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:

    آیا قانون پنروز در مجارستان صدق می کند؟ داده های یک بررسی گسترده و ارزیابی مجدد


    منبع:

    Sciencedirect - Elsevier - International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 72 (2020) 101608. doi:10.1016/j.ijlp.2020.101608


    نویسنده:

    Miklós Péter Kalapos⁎


    چکیده انگلیسی:

    Penrose described an observation in 1939, according to which an inverse relationship between the size of prison populations and the number of psychiatric beds existed. The purpose of this article was to investigate the validity of this statement for Hungary. The national data between 1989 and 2017 for 25 variables were extracted from the official reports of the Hungarian Central Statistical Office. The number of psychiatric beds decreased by 33%, while the number of prisoners increased by about 50%. At the same time, the number of mentally ill patients under compulsive treatment was low, but showed a slight, statistically significant increase. Variables measuring similar feature, for example, the psychiatric characteristics (alcoholics registered, suicide rate, number of hospital beds, welfare home inmates) are variables consistently moving in one direction or the other that may allow finding appropriate indicators of and explanations for the phenomena. An example is the number of psychiatric beds showing a parallel decrease to the numbers of total hospital beds, registered alcoholics, out-patient clinics for children, and suicide rate, and just the opposite direction with forensic settling, involuntary admissions, and welfare home inmates. Similarly, crimes, criminals, homicides, and prisoners can also be grouped. Correlation does not mean a cause and effect relationship, therefore, at the current state of knowledge the connection among variables is not clear in all the cases. To sum up, Hungarian statistical data for three decades support Penroses original observation on psychiatric beds and prison population, while the Penroses statement on the inverse relationship between the number of crimes and of psychiatric beds is not supported. However, until deeper relationships are explored, aggregation of variables into few factors seems impossible.
    Keywords: Penroses law | Psychiatric bed | Prisoner | Crime | Alcoholism | Suicide


    سطح: متوسط
    تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 7
    حجم فایل: 278 کیلوبایت

    قیمت: رایگان


    توضیحات اضافی:




اگر این مقاله را پسندیدید آن را در شبکه های اجتماعی به اشتراک بگذارید (برای به اشتراک گذاری بر روی ایکن های زیر کلیک کنید)

تعداد نظرات : 0

الزامی
الزامی
الزامی
rss مقالات ترجمه شده rss مقالات انگلیسی rss کتاب های انگلیسی rss مقالات آموزشی
logo-samandehi