دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان:چالش های تجربه شده  توسط افسران مشروط کار با کودکان در تعارض با قانون در منطقه مترو ژوهانسبورگ (آفریقای جنوبی) - 2020
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  • Challenges experienced by probation officers working with children in conflict with the law in the Johannesburg Metro Region (South Africa) Challenges experienced by probation officers working with children in conflict with the law in the Johannesburg Metro Region (South Africa)
    Challenges experienced by probation officers working with children in conflict with the law in the Johannesburg Metro Region (South Africa)

    سال انتشار:

    2020


    عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:

    Challenges experienced by probation officers working with children in conflict with the law in the Johannesburg Metro Region (South Africa)


    ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:

    چالش های تجربه شده توسط افسران مشروط کار با کودکان در تعارض با قانون در منطقه مترو ژوهانسبورگ (آفریقای جنوبی)


    منبع:

    Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Children and Youth Services Review, 113 (2020) 104949. doi:10.1016/j.childyouth.2020.104949


    نویسنده:

    Muntuwenkosi Sibisi, Ajwang Warria⁎


    چکیده انگلیسی:

    South African legislation has mandated new roles and responsibilities for probation officers working with children in conflict with the law. These children who engage in criminal behaviour have been used or coerced by adults and sometimes by peers. In addition, sometimes the children commit crimes out of their own agency based on rewards gained. The crimes they commit range from petty crime such as begging, vagrancy, substance use to serious offences such as murder, rape and robbery. This was a qualitative study on the experiences of probation officers working with these children. The findings reveal that the environments in which the probation officers work under are often traumatic, lack resources and are few thus impacting efficient delivery of services. In addition, the implementation of the Child Justice Act (CJA) is hampered by abuse of the system by parents/ caregivers and the child offenders. In as much as South Africa has made strides in protecting children in conflict with the law, these challenges should be addressed urgently in order for the successful implementation of the legislation, for children to be better protected and ultimately for safer communities.
    Keywords: Probation officers | Children in conflict with the law | Social work | Johannesburg Metro Region, South Africa


    سطح: متوسط
    تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 7
    حجم فایل: 180 کیلوبایت

    قیمت: رایگان


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