دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان:دو واقعه واکسن گزارش شده توسط رسانه ها در چین از سال 2013 تا 2016: تأثیر بر اعتماد به نفس و استفاده از واکسن - 2020
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  • Two media-reported vaccine events in China from 2013 to 2016: Impact on confidence and vaccine utilization Two media-reported vaccine events in China from 2013 to 2016: Impact on confidence and vaccine utilization
    Two media-reported vaccine events in China from 2013 to 2016: Impact on confidence and vaccine utilization

    سال انتشار:

    2020


    عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:

    Two media-reported vaccine events in China from 2013 to 2016: Impact on confidence and vaccine utilization


    ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:

    دو واقعه واکسن گزارش شده توسط رسانه ها در چین از سال 2013 تا 2016: تأثیر بر اعتماد به نفس و استفاده از واکسن


    منبع:

    Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Vaccine, 38 (2020) 5541-5547. doi:10.1016/j.vaccine.2020.05.014


    نویسنده:

    Wenzhou Yu a,1, Lingsheng Cao a,1, Yanmin Liu a,1, Keli Li a,1, Lance Rodewald b,1, Guomin Zhang a,1, Fuzhen Wanga, Lei Cao a, Yan Li a, Jian Cui a, Yifan Song a, Miao Wang a, Huaqing Wanga,⇑


    چکیده انگلیسی:

    Background: China media reported infant deaths following hepatitis B vaccination in late 2013, leading to temporary suspension of hepatitis B vaccine (HepB Event) until the deaths were shown to be coincidental and the vaccine was of standard, good quality. In 2016, a criminal ring in Shandong province that had been purchasing, improperly storing, and reselling Category 2 vaccines (private-sector) to 60 (of 200,000) clinics for 5 years, was exposed, publicized, and prosecuted, and the potential health and epidemiological impacts were investigated to determine whether revaccination was necessary (Shandong Vaccine Event). Methods: We assessed parental confidence in vaccines through 9 telephone surveys in 6 and 11 provinces before, during, and after the two events. Provider confidence was assessed through in-person interviews following each event. Vaccine utilization was assessed using Immunization Information Management System data from township clinics. Results: In the early stages of each event, approximately 30% of parents indicated vaccine hesitancy and 18% said they would refuse routine immunization. Five and nine months after each event, hesitancy and refusal decreased, but not to pre-event levels. During the Shandong Vaccine Event, 491% of parents indicated refusal to use Category 2 vaccines; six months later, the rate was 328%. Use of HepB decreased by 21% during the first 2 weeks of the HepB Event and by 126% during the first 4 weeks of Shandong Vaccine Event, but returned to baseline in less than 3 months. Use of Category 2 vaccine decreased by 495% in the first 3 weeks of the Shandong Vaccine Event and by 287% 6 months later. After the Shandong Vaccine Event, 64% of clinicians held high confidence in routine immunization, lower than at baseline. Conclusions: The two events caused mistrust, loss of confidence, and decreases in use of vaccines by parents and providers. In addition to ensuring immunization program integrity, effective communications and ongoing monitoring of vaccine use and confidence should be included to restore confidence and trust in vaccines.
    Keywords: Vaccine safety-related event | Vaccine hesitancy | Vaccine utilization | Vaccine confidence


    سطح: متوسط
    تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 7
    حجم فایل: 896 کیلوبایت

    قیمت: رایگان


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