دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان:مقیاس گذاری و عدم مقیاس گذاری: تساهل و تکامل جوامع پرورشی بیشتر - 2020
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  • Scaling up and scaling out: Consilience and the evolution of more nurturing societies Scaling up and scaling out: Consilience and the evolution of more nurturing societies
    Scaling up and scaling out: Consilience and the evolution of more nurturing societies

    سال انتشار:

    2020


    عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:

    Scaling up and scaling out: Consilience and the evolution of more nurturing societies


    ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:

    مقیاس گذاری و عدم مقیاس گذاری: تساهل و تکامل جوامع پرورشی بیشتر


    منبع:

    Sciencedirect - Elsevier - © 2020 Published by Elsevier.


    نویسنده:

    Anthony Biglan, Magnus Johansson, Mark Van Ryzin, Dennis Embry


    چکیده انگلیسی:

    This paper argues that diverse disciplines within the human sciences have converged in identifying the conditions that human beings need to thrive and the programs, policies, and practices that are needed to foster well-being. In the interest of promoting this view, we suggest that this convergence might usefully be labeled “The Nurture Consilience.” We review evidence from evolutionary biology, developmental, clinical, and social psychology, as well as public health and prevention science indicating that, for evolutionary reasons, coercive environments promote a “fast” life strategy that favors limited self-regulation, immediate gratification, and early childbearing. However, this trajectory can be prevented through programs, practices, and policies that (a) minimize toxic social and biological conditions, (b) limit opportunities and influences for problem behavior, (c) richly reinforce prosocial behavior, and (d) promote psychological flexibility. The recognition of these facts has prompted research on the adoption, implementation, and maintenance of evidence-based interventions. To fully realize the fruits of this consilience, it is necessary to reform every sector of society. We review evidence that free- market advocacy has promoted the view that if individuals simply pursue their own economic well-being it will benefit everyone, and trace how that view led business, health care, education, criminal justice, and government to adopt practices that have benefited a small segment of the population but harmed the majority. We argue that the first step in reforming each sector of society would be to promote the value of ensuring everyone’s well-being. The second step will be to create contingencies that select beneficial practices and minimizes harmful ones.
    Keywords: prevention | nurturing environments | consilience | public health


    سطح: متوسط
    تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 56
    حجم فایل: 1180 کیلوبایت

    قیمت: رایگان


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