عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Identifying areas vulnerable to homicide using multiple criteria analysis and spatial analysis
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
شناسایی مناطق آسیب پذیر در برابر قتل با استفاده از تجزیه و تحلیل معیارهای متعدد و تجزیه و تحلیل مکانی
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Omega, Corrected proof, 102211. doi:10.1016/j.omega.2020.102211
Caroline Maria de Miranda Mota, Ph.D a , ∗, Ciro JoséJardim de Figueiredo, Ph.D b , Débora Viana e Sousa Pereira, Ph.D c
The decision-making process in public security is not an easy task. Several aspects must be considered, since resources are limited, whereas coverage should be extensive. Usually, preventative actions are allo- cated to areas that are more prone to violence, where criminal occurrences have happened in the recent past. In Brazil, such decisions are made in an ad-hoc way, considering only the knowledge of a specialist. This paper, however, aims to identify homicide vulnerability areas, taking into account the knowledge and preferences of an expert decision-maker under several criteria and data from a demographic cen- sus. Our model aggregates multiple-criteria analysis, based on Dominance-based Rough Set Approach, and spatial analysis, which consist of hot-spot analysis and local Moran’s I . The model was applied in a neighbourhood of Brazil. The approach was able to highlight the problematic areas in the neighbourhood, and suggested locations where public policy and, consequently, limited resources should be allocated.
Keywords: Multiple criteria analysis | Dominance-based rough | set approach Spatial analysis | Homicide