عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Explaining trajectories of adolescent drunkenness, drug use, and criminality: A latent transition analysis with socio-ecological covariates
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
تبیین مسیرهای مربوط به مستی نوجوانان ، مصرف مواد مخدر و جرم و جنایت: تحلیل انتقال نهان با متغیرهای کمکی اجتماعی و زیست محیطی
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Addictive Behaviors, 102 (2020) 106145. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2019.106145
Russell Turner⁎, Kristian Daneback, Anette Skårner
Background: Although there are diverse trajectories in adolescent substance use and criminality, it is less clear
why some adolescents follow one pathway and not another. In this study, we examine how different domains in a
young person’s life, such as temperament, peer, and family factors, are linked to different trajectories and
whether some domains are more strongly associated with specific patterns of these behaviours.
Methods: Data comes from the Longitudinal Research on Development in Adolescence (LoRDIA) study in
Sweden. Adolescents were surveyed at baseline (n = 755, age 13, grade 7) and followed up at grades 8 and 9.
Latent transition analysis and multinomial logistic regression were conducted.
Results: Four distinct statuses were found, showing heterogeneity in adolescent substance use and criminal
behaviours. These statuses were however highly stable. Individual, peer and family domains were all relevant in
distinguishing between the statuses. A key finding is that the relative importance of these domains differed
between statuses, suggesting differential effects of the domains on the different trajectories. The pre-teen family
environment, as well as criminal peers, was most strongly associated with a more entrenched group. This was not
the case for a ‘Dabblers’ group, where novelty-seeking was weakly linked. For the ‘Occasional Law Breakers’,
criminal peers was more strongly associated.
Conclusions: Our results suggest that substance use and criminality in early to mid-adolescence is more diverse
than current theories allow. Moreover, the different trajectories in these behaviours are likely to have different
causal mechanisms, which has important implications for theory, policy and practice.
Keywords: Adolescence | Drug use | Drunkenness | Criminal behaviour | Adolescent development | Latent transition analysis