عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
What’s drugs got to do with it? Examining the relationship between drug onset and duration with criminal outcomes in an African American cohort
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
چه داروهایی با آن ارتباط دارند؟ بررسی رابطه بین شروع دارو و مدت زمان با نتایج جنایی در یک گروه آفریقایی آمریکایی
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Addictive Behaviors, 110 (2020) 106539. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106539
Kerry M. Greena,⁎, Elaine E. Dohertyb, Margaret E. Ensmingerc
Background: The association of drug use onset and duration with criminal careers has rarely been studied over
the life course among African Americans, who are disproportionately impacted by the criminal justice system.
Methods: This study uses data from a community cohort of urban African Americans, first assessed at age 6
(n = 1242) and followed into midlife. Data come from both self-reports (n = 1053 in adulthood) and official
crime records (n = 1217). Regression analyses among those who used marijuana, cocaine, and/or heroin and
had complete arrest data (n = 614) assess the association between adolescent vs. adult initiation, short vs. long
duration of use, and their interaction with the outcomes of arrest, incarceration, and criminal career length, as
well as meeting criteria for a drug use disorder.
Results: Findings show that onset and duration are highly related, but when independent effects of duration and
onset are assessed, only duration is a statistically significant predictor of all four crime outcomes, as well as a
predictor of meeting criteria for a drug use disorder in adjusted regression models. Associations of duration with
arrests held for all crime types (i.e., drug, property, violence). Adolescent vs. adult drug onset only predicted
meeting lifetime criteria for a drug use disorder. The interaction of onset and duration was not statistically
significant in any models. No appreciable differences were observed in gender specific models.
Discussion: Findings suggest that shortening drug use duration may have a greater impact on reducing the association
of drug use with crime for African Americans than delaying onset.
Keywords: Drug use trajectory | Drug use initiation | Criminal justice system involvement | Longitudinal data