دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان:مصرف بیش از حد مواد مخدر غیر کشنده پس از آزادی از زندان: یک مطالعه پیوند داده ای آینده نگر - 2020
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  • Non-fatal drug overdose after release from prison: A prospective data linkage study Non-fatal drug overdose after release from prison: A prospective data linkage study
    Non-fatal drug overdose after release from prison: A prospective data linkage study

    سال انتشار:

    2020


    عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:

    Non-fatal drug overdose after release from prison: A prospective data linkage study


    ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:

    مصرف بیش از حد مواد مخدر غیر کشنده پس از آزادی از زندان: یک مطالعه پیوند داده ای آینده نگر


    منبع:

    Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 206 (2020) 107707. doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2019.107707


    نویسنده:

    Claire Keena,*, Jesse T. Younga,b,c,d, Rohan Borschmanna,b,e,f, Stuart A. Kinnera,b,g,h,i


    چکیده انگلیسی:

    Background: Adults released from prison are at increased risk of poor health outcomes and preventable mortality, including from overdose. Non-fatal overdose (NFOD) is a strong predictor of future overdose and associated with considerable morbidity. This study aims to the determine the incidence, predictors and clinical characteristics of NFOD following release from prison. Methods: We used pre-release interview data collected for a randomised controlled trial in 2008–2010, and linked person-level, state-wide ambulance, emergency department, and hospital records, from a representative sample of 1307 adults incarcerated in Queensland, Australia. The incidence of NFOD following release from prison was calculated. A multivariate Andersen-Gill model was used to identify demographic, health, social, and criminal justice predictors of NFOD. Results: The crude incidence rate (IR) of NFOD was 47.6 (95%CI 41.1–55.0) per 1000 person-years and was highest in the first 14 days after release from prison (IR=296 per 1000 person-years, 95%CI 206–426). In multivariate analyses, NFOD after release from prison was positively associated with a recent history of substance use disorder (SUD), dual diagnosis of mental illness and SUD, lifetime history of injecting drug use, lifetime history of NFOD, being dispensed benzodiazepines after release, a shorter index incarceration, and low perceived social support. The risk of NFOD was lower for people with high-risk alcohol use and while incarcerated. Conclusions: Adults released from prison are at high risk of non-fatal overdose, particularly in the first 14 days after release. Providing coordinated transitional care between prison and the community is likely critical to reduce the risk of overdose.
    Keywords: Drug overdose | Prisons | Cohort studies | Ambulance | Hospital | Emergency medical services


    سطح: متوسط
    تعداد صفحات فایل pdf انگلیسی: 10
    حجم فایل: 382 کیلوبایت

    قیمت: رایگان


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