عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
From working on recovery to working in recovery: Employment status among a nationally representative U.S. sample of individuals who have resolved a significant alcohol or other drug problem
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
از کار بر روی بهبودی تا کار در بهبودی: وضعیت اشتغال در بین یک نمونه نماینده ملی ایالات متحده از افرادی که مشروبات الکلی یا مشکل دارویی را حل کرده اند
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 113 (2020) 108000. doi:10.1016/j.jsat.2020.108000
David Eddie⁎, Corrie L. Vilsaint, Lauren A. Hoffman, Brandon G. Bergman, John F. Kelly, Bettina B. Hoeppner
Alcohol and other drug (AOD) use disorders exact a prodigious annual economic toll in the United States (U.S.),
driven largely by lost productivity due to illness-related absenteeism, underemployment, and unemployment.
While recovery from AOD disorders is associated with improved health and functioning, little is known specifically
about increases in productivity due to new or resumed employment and who may continue to struggle.
Also, because employment can buffer relapse risk by providing structure, meaning, purpose, and income, greater
knowledge in this regard would inform relapse prevention efforts as well as employment-related policy. We
conducted a cross-sectional, nationally representative survey of the U.S. adult population assessing persons who
reported having resolved an AOD problem (n = 2002). Weighted employment, unemployment, retirement, and
disability statistics were compared to the general U.S. population. Logistic and linear regression models tested
for differences in employment and unemployment among demographic categories and measures of well-being.
Compared to the general U.S. population, individuals who had resolved an AOD problem were less likely to be
employed or retired, and more likely to be unemployed and disabled. Certain recovering subgroups, including
those identifying as black and those with histories of multiple arrests, were further disadvantaged. Conversely,
certain factors, such as a higher level of education and less prior criminal justice involvement were associated
with lower unemployment risk. Despite being in recovery from an AOD problem, individuals continue to struggle
with obtaining employment, particularly black Americans and those with prior criminal histories. Given the
importance of employment in addiction recovery and relapse prevention, more research is needed to identify
employment barriers so that they can be effectively addressed.
Keywords: Employment | Unemployment | Under employment | Alcohol and other drugs | Substance use disorder | Addiction recovery | Disparities