عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
The narrative coherence of witness transcripts in children on the autism spectrum
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
انسجام روایی متن شاهد در کودکان در طیف اوتیسم
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Research in Developmental Disabilities, 96 (2020) 103518. doi:10.1016/j.ridd.2019.103518
Lucy A. Henrya,*, Laura Craneb, Eva Fessera, Anna Harveya, Lucy Palmera, Rachel Wilcockc
Background and Aims: Autistic children often recall fewer details about witnessed events than
typically developing children (of comparable age and ability), although the information they
recall is generally no less accurate. Previous research has not examined the narrative coherence
of such accounts, despite higher quality narratives potentially being perceived more favourably
by criminal justice professionals and juries. This study compared the narrative coherence of
witness transcripts produced by autistic and typically developing (TD) children (ages 6–11 years,
Methods and Procedures: Secondary analysis was carried out on interview transcripts from a
subset of 104 participants (autism=52, TD=52) who had taken part in a larger study of
eyewitness skills in autistic and TD children. Groups were matched on chronological age, IQ and
receptive language ability. Coding frameworks were adopted from existing narrative research,
featuring elements of ‘story grammar’.
Outcomes and Results: Whilst fewer event details were reported by autistic children, there were
no group differences in narrative coherence (number and diversity of ‘story grammar’ elements
used), narrative length or semantic diversity.
Conclusions and Implications: These findings suggest that the narrative coherence of autistic
children’s witness accounts is equivalent to TD peers of comparable age and ability.
Keywords: Children | Autism | Eyewitness testimony | Narrative coherence | Story grammar