عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Exploring the autistic and police perspectives of the custody process through a participative walkthrough
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
بررسی دیدگاه های اوتیستم و پلیس روند بازداشت از طریق یک جستجوی مشارکتی
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Research in Developmental Disabilities, 97 (2020) 103545. doi:10.1016/j.ridd.2019.103545
Chloe Alice Hollowaya,*, Nell Munroa, John Jacksona, Sophie Phillipsb, Danielle Roparc
Background: Research suggests that autistic individuals may be more likely to come into contact
with police and have more negative experiences in police custody. However, limited information
about the difficulties they experience during the custody process is available.
Aims: This study explores the experiences of autistic individuals and officers during a walkthrough
of the custody process to identify specific difficulties in these encounters and what
support is needed to overcome these.
Methods and procedures: A participative walkthrough method was developed to provide autistic
individuals and officers an interactive opportunity to identify areas where further support in the
custody process was needed. Two autistic participants and three officers took part in the study.
Outcomes and results: Autistic participants reported negative experiences due to: i) the emotional
impact of the physical setting and custody process ii) communication barriers leading to increased
anxiety and iii) exposure to sensory demands. Officers highlighted three factors which
limit their ability to support autistic individuals effectively: i) the custody context ii) barriers to
communication and iii) knowledge and understanding of autism.
Conclusions and implications: Adjustments are needed to the custody process and environment to
support interactions between autistic individuals and officers and improve the overall wellbeing
of autistic individuals.
Keywords: Autism spectrum conditions | Criminal justice system | Vulnerable detainees | Police custody | Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 | Access to justice