عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Appropriate adults: Their experiences and understanding of Autism Spectrum Disorder
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
مناسب بزرگسالان : تجربیات و درک آنها از اختلال طیف اوتیسم
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Research in Developmental Disabilities, 103 (2020) 103675. doi:10.1016/j.ridd.2020.103675
Joanne Richards*, Rebecca Milne
An appropriate adult (AA) is required by law, to support juveniles and vulnerable adults during
custody procedures. This paper explored the opinions and knowledge of AAs and how the
characteristics of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) could disadvantage an individual within a
police interview. A questionnaire was administered to AAs who had received training to carry out
their duties (N = 55). AAs were asked a number of questions concerning suspects with ASD.
Overall, the questionnaire found that AAs had some awareness of the key features of ASD.
However, AAs were less aware of the possible impact these characteristics could have upon the
interview process. Nevertheless, when asked about actual practice, fifteen incidents were reported
where it was deemed that the characteristics of ASD disrupted interview procedures. For
example, it was reported that suspects with ASD displayed repetitive and rigid behaviour patterns
that interfered with the flow of the interview. Encouragingly, the self-reported data suggested
that AAs were able to respond effectively to these actual incidents. That withstanding it is suggested
that AA training should include information about how those with ASD might be at a
disadvantage within the forensic interview environment and outline strategies that AAs could use
to help a person with ASD fully engage within the criminal justice process.
Keywords: Autism Spectrum Disorder | Appropriate Adult | Criminal justice system | Vulnerability