عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
A meta-analysis of the relationship between psychosis and any type of criminal offending, in both men and women
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
متاآنالیز رابطه بین روان پریشی و هر نوع جرم مجرمانه ، در زنان و مردان
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Schizophrenia Research 220 (2020) 16–24
Natalia Yee a,b, Sandra Matheson a,c, Daria Korobanova a,b, Matthew Large a, Olav Nielssen d, Vaughan Carr a, Kimberlie Dean a,b,⁎
Background: Psychosis is known to be associated with an increased risk of violent offending, but the risk of criminal
offending of any type is not so well understood, including the nature and extent of any differences in
offending risk for men and women with psychosis.
Methods: A systematic search of electronic databases from1970 toMarch 2020was conducted to identify studies
comparing criminal offending amongst those with psychosis to a general population sample. A meta-analysis
was performed, with separate analyses undertaken for men and women.
Results: Eight studies, with a total of 15,446 individuals with psychosis and 186,752 controls fromgeneral population
sources, met our inclusion criteria. The pooled odds ratio for any type of criminal offending for men with
psychosiswas 2.42 (95% CI=1.63–3.59), and for women itwas 2.81 (95% CI=2.11–3.76). Substantial between
study heterogeneity was identified.
Conclusions: Although the pooled odds ratio for all types of offending was not as high as has been found for violence,
those with psychotic illness were more than twice as likely to have had contact with the criminal justice
system for any type of criminal offence, compared to the general population. Little difference in risk was seen
for women compared to men with psychosis. Clinical risk assessments and the development of interventions
to reduce risk of contact with the criminal justice system should consider that risk of offending for those with
psychosis extends right across the spectrum of offence types.
Keywords: Psychosis | Offending | Crime | Justice | Sex differences