عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
A quantitative investigation on criminalization of airline pilots: Consumer and pilot perspectives
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
بررسی کمی در مورد جرم انگاری خلبانان هواپیمایی: دیدگاه های مصرف کننده و خلبان
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Safety Science, 130 (2020) 104904. doi:10.1016/j.ssci.2020.104904
Scott R. Wintera,⁎, Stephen Ricea, Tyler Spencea, Nicola M. OToolea, Gajapriya Tamilselvanb, Bradley S. Baugha, Urara Takanoa, Madhur Guptaa, Drishti Valechaa, Mattie N. Milnera, Antonio I. Cortésa
The foundation of many safety programs within the aviation industry relies on voluntary safety reporting. The
premise of these programs is for participants (usually all members of the organization) to feel comfortable
submitting voluntary safety reports whenever there are accidents, incidents, or a safety hazard is perceived.
However, around the world, the last decade has seen a rise in the calls for the criminalization of those who are
perceived to be responsible for accidents. This trend is a growing concern for those in the safety profession as the
short-term demand for perceived justice may be a significant detriment to long-term safety goals. Flight crewmembers
fearing criminal prosecution for unintentional actions may severely reduce the number of voluntary
reports they are willing to submit. The purpose of these two studies was to examine perceptions of both consumers
and pilots to determine their level of agreement with the criminalization of pilots in a series of cases.
Using a sample of 3,000 participants across two studies, we found significant differences in attitudes toward
criminalization between consumers and pilots, along with a significant interaction. In Study 1, pilots indicated
less support for criminalization in all cases compared to consumers, and consumers were less supportive of
criminalization in cases where it appeared the circumstances were beyond the pilot’s control. In Study 2, pilots
provided additional measures on two select cases to include the level of severity and willingness to file voluntary
safety reports on themselves and others.
Keywords: Criminalization | Safety | Aviation | Pilot perceptions | Consumer perceptions