عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Using actor-partner interdependence modeling to understand recent illicit opioid use and injection drug use among men in community supervision and their female partners in New York City
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
استفاده از مدل وابستگی متقابل بازیگر و شریک زندگی برای درک مصرف غیرقانونی مخدر اخیر و مصرف مواد مخدر تزریقی در مردان تحت نظارت جامعه و شرکای زن آنها در شهر نیویورک
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - International Journal of Drug Policy, 83 (2020) 102843. doi:10.1016/j.drugpo.2020.102843
Alissa Davisa,⁎, Andrea Norcini Palaa, Louisa Gilberta, Phillip L. Marottab, Dawn Goddard-Eckricha, Nabila El-Bassela
Background: The United States’ opioid crisis disproportionately affects individuals in the criminal justice system.
Intimate partners can be a source of social support that helps reduce substance use, or they can serve as a driver
of continued or increased substance use. Better understanding of the association between intimate partner
characteristics and illicit opioid use and injection drug use among individuals in community supervision could be
vital to developing targeted interventions.
Methods: Using actor-partner interdependence models, we examined individual and partner characteristics associated
with recent illicit opioid use and injection drug use among males in community supervision settings in
New York City (n = 229) and their female partners (n = 229).
Results: Higher levels of depression (aOR 1.98, 95% CI [1.39–2.82], p ≤ 0.01) and anxiety (aOR 1.98, 95% CI
[1.42–2.75], p ≤ 0.01) were associated with recent opioid use among males in community supervision. Females
with a partner having higher levels of anxiety were more likely to have recently used opioids (aOR 1.52, 95% CI
[1.06–2.16], p ≤ 0.05). Males with a female partner with higher levels of anxiety (aOR 2.16, 95% CI
[1.31–3.56], p ≤ 0.01) or depression (aOR 1.70, 95% CI [1.01–2.86], p ≤ 0.05) were more likely to recently
inject drugs. Women with a male partner who had been in prison were more likely to have recently injected
drugs (aOR 3.71, 95% CI [1.14–12.12], p ≤0.05), but women who had a male partner who had been arrested in
the past three months were less likely to have recently injected (aOR 0.08, 95% CI [0.02–0.46], p ≤ 0.01).
Conclusions: Results suggest that recent individual illicit opioid use and injection drug use is associated not only
with individual-level factors, but also with partner factors, highlighting the need for couple-based approaches to
address the opioid epidemic.
Keywords: Opioid use | Injection drug use | Mental health | Criminal justice | Dyads | Actor-partner interdependence model