عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Criminal offending trajectories from adolescence through young adulthood and the risk of food insecurity: evidence from the Add Health study
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
مسیرهای تخلف مجرمانه از دوران نوجوانی تا بزرگسالی و خطر عدم امنیت غذایی: شواهدی از مطالعه Add Health
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Annals of Epidemiology, Corrected proof. doi:10.1016/j.annepidem.2020.06.002
Daniel C. Semenza, PhD a, *, Alexander M. Testa, PhD b, Dylan B. Jackson, PhD c, Michael G. Vaughn, PhD d, Nicholas C. Semenza, BS e
Purpose: High-rate, persistent criminal offending has substantial negative health consequences. This
study examines how criminal offending trajectories during adolescence influence the risk of food insecurity
in early adulthood.
Methods: The study uses four waves of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health to
determine the association between criminal offending trajectory membership and food insecurity. The
analysis controls for individual- and neighborhood-level risk factors and assesses the mediating effects of
depression and household income.
Results: Five distinct offending trajectories were established using a group-based trajectory model.
Membership in various offending trajectories predicts an increased risk for food insecurity. Those in
high-rate, chronic-offending trajectories have the highest risk of food insecurity in early adulthood
(OR ¼ 2.062; P < .01). These effects are significantly attenuated by depressive symptoms.
Conclusions: This is the first study to test the association between criminal offending trajectory membership
from adolescence through young adulthood and the risk of food insecurity in adulthood. Access
to nutrition assistance and support among individuals with chronic-offending histories may minimize
the risk of food insecurity. Those embedded in disadvantaged contexts are likely at a heightened risk.
Improvements to mental health services and employment opportunities may reduce food insecurity
among these vulnerable populations.
Keywords: Food insecurity | Crime | Offending trajectories | Add Health